Polish up your knowledge about a visit to an orthodontist when your dentist tells you that it’s time for braces for the kids. An orthodontist is a dentist having concerns with the diagnosis, prevention, and correction of malocclusion of the teeth. Orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics are specialized forms needing added training after graduating from a dental college. An orthodontist is a dental specialist dedicated to orthodontics—braces.
The orthodontic appliances used for changing tooth position are extraoral, anchorage, intraoral orthodontic appliance, and retainer. Clean up on the facts guidelines below.
An arch wire is used to fasten two or more teeth through fixed attachments used to cause or guide tooth movement.
A sectional arch is attached to only a few teeth usually on one side of a dental arch or in the anterior segment of the arch to cause or guide orthodontic tooth movement.
A full-arch wire is attached to the teeth and extends from the molar region of one side, across the front of the mouth, to the molar region on the other side. It is used to cause or guide orthodontic tooth movement. A sectional arch wire or shorter version of the full-arch wire may also be used. A section arch usually spans three to four posterior teeth in the dental arch. The will be excellent braces for the kids.
Orthodontics has been a dental discipline since about 1900 for helping people’s smiles look better and their jaws to align right for better mouth performance.
Orthodontists use innovative technology and 3-D x-rays. For teens and most people who don’t want to look as if they have aluminum chewing gum wrappers intertwining their teeth, they prefer the clear Invisalign braces because they are almost invis-able and are an alternative to the metal ones for teeth align-ing. This is the fashionable style for teens and adults alike.
Traditional Metal Braces
Teeth are straightened from being tilted, rotated, and/or misaligned, unevenly spaced or crowded. Adjusting the upper and lower bite to chew food properly and seat the bottom and top teeth together is the ability of the orthodontist. The results are stunning.
Malocclusion means to “close up” the abnormal contact between the teeth of the upper jaw and those of the lower jaw. This is diagnosed by orthodontists for preventing and treating face and jaw abnormalities usually inherited from parents. This procedure incorporates the use of dentofacial orthopedics concerning the bones in the jaw for correcting any deformities or preventing them.
- A poor bite and uneven alignment is called malocclusion meaning a bad bite where the lower and upper teeth do not make contact. This can create stress on the mouth structures, decay, and the inability to chew food well. It can also cause TMJ (temporal mandibular joint) problems.
- As you are biting into your lower lip, know that when this condition is corrected, your teeth will fit like a hand in a glove. They will not overlap (over biting—top teeth over lower teeth looking like Bugs Bunny) or underlap (under biting like Muttley, the cartoon dog where the bottom jaw protrudes).
- With a great fix from the orthodontist, the upper jaw teeth indeed overlap the lower teeth just a tad. What’s more, your teeth are not twisted, rotated, leaning forward or backward anymore and braces for the kids will give them the correct fix and beautiful smile.
- On top of that, your molar grooves and points fit into upper or lower molars as they were meant to. The molar grooves and points fit into the upper/lower molars like a dream and the “sound” when bringing your open mouth shut has a “thud” sound that the orthodontist likes to hear. You will too—I do!
- As a bonus, the extra teeth you were born with or missing teeth are fixed.
Crooked Teeth and Misaligned Bite
Your Familial Roots
- There are certain things you inherit from your family and their family. Things common such as hair and eye color are easily noticed.
- If your mom has an undersized jaw and your dad has big Bucky Beaver teeth, then you might have inherited big teeth in a tiny jaw. This can result in overcrowded teeth, too little or too much space between teeth, extra teeth, or even missing teeth. It’s not your fault—it is what it is.
Other Causes for Malocclusion
- You could have sucked on a pacifier, your thumb, or other fingers—even your entire baby hand (I did) until after age 4—not a good thing.
- You might have been involved in an accident causing jaw fractures, or you might have fallen from a tree, or someone accidently hit you.
- Misalignment of teeth can be caused from biting your fingernails and biting your upper and/or lower lips.
- The loss of teeth causes the neighboring teeth to move without any notice on your part until they touch or your bite is off. This barely discernible movement causes misaligning of upper, lower, and neighboring teeth.
An Unhealthy Mouth Can Cause:
- Periodontal gum disease and that one involves stinky breath, loose teeth, and recently revealed news from television to have possible heart implications.
- Nasty fat, ugly, and painful tumors in the mouth.
- Improper fitting of crowns, including fillings, and possibly ill-fitting braces.
- Malocclusion when you lose your baby teeth too soon or too late—or lose your permanent teeth as an adult. You won’t get another set of teeth once they are pulled out.
- Adenoid and tonsils are common mostly for children and sometimes older people to become infected with a viral or bacterial infection that swells the adenoids (back of throat) or tonsils (two at back of throat) causing horrific pain that obstructs airways. When you don’t breathe right, teeth won’t fit right, and the jaw misaligns.
Deep Overbite and Crowded Arches Corrected with Braces
Signs of Malocclusion
- Kids have growth spurts. When they do, they can, at about age six, be subjected to mild and short-lived difficulties with malocclusion.
- Let’s talk about some of the teeth—the most noticeable incisors are the two big teeth in front, called centrals.
- The smaller teeth on each side of the centrals are the lateral incisors—meaning, to the side and horizontal.
- The slightly “pointy” ones next to each lateral are called canine incisors, since they look like those of dogs. These two teeth do not touch lower teeth.
- To summarize, malocclusions are due to: misaligned or crowded teeth; irregular spacing between teeth; dental arch missing; teeth being too small; or the jawbone that supports the teeth is too wide.
- Bad habits as a baby (not the baby’s fault—it was comforting and he was bored!). Moms, put mittens on those little baby hands so they don’t suck their thumbs or buy your infant a teether.
- Distract your infant or toddler with other things besides sucking his fist. Put up a gate for his secure safety and give him or her toys to play with.
- Take baby and you on a hike or stroll through the park. That always keeps a youngster’s mind on the sights and sounds.
- When having an open bite and the upper and lower incisors do not touch when biting, it puts excess pressure when you chew on the back teeth (molars) that will cause excess wear without having efficient grinding and chewing known as mastication. Where there is an overbite (top teeth over bottom teeth), the incisors project because the lower jaw is shorter than the upper jaw.
Young Boy at the Orthodontist
Braces for the kids are easier, faster, and less costly to treat at an early age. Adults can be effectively treated; however, they are costlier to treat. Children by age seven should be seen and diagnosed by an orthodontist as recommended by The American Association of Orthodontists. Brush and floss and keep your teeth healthy.